Pelvic pain occurs mostly in the lower abdomen area. The pain might be steady, or it might come and go. It can be a sharp and stabbing pain in a specific spot, or a dull pain that is spread out. If the pain is severe, it might get in the way of your daily activities.
If you're a woman, you might feel pain during your period. It could also happen when you have sex. Pelvic pain can be a sign that there is a problem with one of the organs in your pelvic area, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, or vagina. If you're a man, the cause could be problem with the prostate. In men and women, it could be a symptom of infection, or a problem with the urinary tract, lower intestines, rectum, muscle, or bone. Some women have more than one cause of pelvic pain at the same time.
You might have to have lab, imaging, or other medical tests to find the cause of the pain. The treatment will depend on the cause, how bad the pain is, and how often it occurs.
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Diagnosis and Tests
- How Is Pelvic Pain Diagnosed? (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish
- Laparoscopy (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Pelvic Exam (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Pelvic laparoscopy - slideshow (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Pelvis Ultrasound (American College of Radiology; Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- How Is Pelvic Pain Treated? (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish
- Pelvic Venous Disease (pelvic congestion syndrome or chronic pelvic pain) (Society of Interventional Radiology)
- Chronic Pelvic Pain (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)
- Pelvic Exam (National Cancer Institute)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Risk Factors and a Nomogram for Prediction of Refractory Pudendal Neuralgia:...
- Article: Retroperitoneal Causes of Genitourinary Pain Syndromes: Systematic Approach to Evaluation and...
- Article: Sacral Nerve Stimulation in Patients With Refractory Pudendal Neuralgia.
- Pelvic Pain -- see more articles
- Ultrasound: Pelvis (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)