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Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. You can get gonorrhea during vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected partner. A pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during childbirth.
Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms. In men, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating and discharge from the penis. If untreated, it can cause problems with the prostate and testicles.
In women, the early symptoms of gonorrhea often are mild. Later, it can cause bleeding between periods, pain when urinating, and increased discharge from the vagina. If untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes problems with pregnancy and infertility.
Your health care provider will diagnose gonorrhea with lab tests. Treatment is with antibiotics. Treating gonorrhea is becoming more difficult because drug-resistant strains are increasing. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading gonorrhea. If your or your partner is allergic to latex, you can use polyurethane condoms. The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Primary Gonorrhea Infection (VisualDX)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Gonorrhea Test (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)
- Epididymitis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Statistics and Research
- Gonorrhea Statistics (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Gonorrhea (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Comparison of the burden of self-reported bacterial sexually transmitted infections among...
- Article: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on chlamydia infection in South...
- Article: The Gonococcal Genetic Island defines distinct sub-populations of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
- Gonorrhea -- see more articles
- Gonorrhea (Nemours Foundation)
- Condom Fact Sheet in Brief (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Endocervical gram stain (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Gonococcal arthritis (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Gonorrhea (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Rectal culture (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Urethral discharge culture (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish