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SNCB gene

synuclein beta
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Normal Function

The SNCB gene provides instructions for making a protein called beta-synuclein. The exact function of this protein is unknown, but it is likely involved in a process called synaptic plasticity. Synaptic plasticity is the ability of the connections between nerve cells (called synapses) to change and adapt over time in response to experience. This process is critical for learning and memory. Beta-synuclein may also prevent harmful accumulation of a similar protein called alpha-synuclein in nerve cells (neurons).

Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes

Dementia with Lewy bodies

At least two mutations in the SNCB gene have been found to cause dementia with Lewy bodies. This condition is characterized by intellectual decline (dementia); visual hallucinations; sudden changes in attention and mood; and movement problems such as rigidity of limbs, tremors, and impaired balance and coordination.

SNCB gene mutations lead to the production of a protein with impaired function. It is thought that this altered protein may not be able to prevent alpha-synuclein accumulation. A decrease in functional beta-synuclein likely results in alpha-synuclein accumulation and the formation of Lewy bodies. These abnormal protein clusters are present throughout the brain, where they impair neuron function and ultimately cause cell death. Over time, the loss of neurons increasingly impairs intellectual and motor function and the regulation of emotions, resulting in the signs and symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies.

More About This Health Condition

Other Names for This Gene

  • beta-synuclein

Additional Information & Resources

Tests Listed in the Genetic Testing Registry

Scientific Articles on PubMed

Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM

Research Resources

References

  • Beyer K, Domingo-Sàbat M, Santos C, Tolosa E, Ferrer I, Ariza A. The decrease of β-synuclein in cortical brain areas defines a molecular subgroup of dementia with Lewy bodies. Brain. 2010 Dec;133(Pt 12):3724-33. doi: 10.1093/brain/awq275. Epub 2010 Oct 19. Citation on PubMed
  • Brown JW, Buell AK, Michaels TC, Meisl G, Carozza J, Flagmeier P, Vendruscolo M, Knowles TP, Dobson CM, Galvagnion C. β-Synuclein suppresses both the initiation and amplification steps of α-synuclein aggregation via competitive binding to surfaces. Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 3;6:36010. doi: 10.1038/srep36010. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
  • Ohtake H, Limprasert P, Fan Y, Onodera O, Kakita A, Takahashi H, Bonner LT, Tsuang DW, Murray IV, Lee VM, Trojanowski JQ, Ishikawa A, Idezuka J, Murata M, Toda T, Bird TD, Leverenz JB, Tsuji S, La Spada AR. Beta-synuclein gene alterations in dementia with Lewy bodies. Neurology. 2004 Sep 14;63(5):805-11. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
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