The KANSL1 gene provides instructions for making a member (subunit) of a group of interacting proteins called the KAT8 regulatory NSL complex. This complex is categorized as a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex. It helps regulate gene activity (expression) by modifying chromatin, the complex of DNA and protein that packages DNA into chromosomes.
The protein produced from the KANSL1 gene is found in most organs and tissues of the body before birth and throughout life. By its involvement in controlling the activity of other genes, this protein plays an important role in the development and function of many parts of the body.
Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes
Koolen-de Vries syndrome
KANSL1 gene mutations or deletions of genetic material including this gene cause Koolen-de Vries syndrome. This disorder is characterized by developmental delay, intellectual disability, a cheerful and sociable disposition, and a variety of physical abnormalities.
Loss of one copy of the KANSL1 gene in each cell impairs normal development and function of various organs and tissues of the body, but the relationship of KANSL1 gene loss to the specific signs and symptoms of Koolen-de Vries syndrome is unclear.More About This Health Condition
Other Names for This Gene
- centromere protein 36
- male-specific lethal 1 homolog
- MLL1/MLL complex subunit KANSL1
- MSL1 homolog 1
- non-specific lethal 1 homolog
- NSL complex protein NSL1
Additional Information & Resources
Tests Listed in the Genetic Testing Registry
Scientific Articles on PubMed
Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM
- Itsara A, Vissers LE, Steinberg KM, Meyer KJ, Zody MC, Koolen DA, de Ligt J, Cuppen E, Baker C, Lee C, Graves TA, Wilson RK, Jenkins RB, Veltman JA, Eichler EE. Resolving the breakpoints of the 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome with next-generation sequencing. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Apr 6;90(4):599-613. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.02.013. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
- Koolen DA, Kramer JM, Neveling K, Nillesen WM, Moore-Barton HL, Elmslie FV, Toutain A, Amiel J, Malan V, Tsai AC, Cheung SW, Gilissen C, Verwiel ET, Martens S, Feuth T, Bongers EM, de Vries P, Scheffer H, Vissers LE, de Brouwer AP, Brunner HG, Veltman JA, Schenck A, Yntema HG, de Vries BB. Mutations in the chromatin modifier gene KANSL1 cause the 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome. Nat Genet. 2012 Apr 29;44(6):639-41. doi: 10.1038/ng.2262. Citation on PubMed
- Zollino M, Orteschi D, Murdolo M, Lattante S, Battaglia D, Stefanini C, Mercuri E, Chiurazzi P, Neri G, Marangi G. Mutations in KANSL1 cause the 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome phenotype. Nat Genet. 2012 Apr 29;44(6):636-8. doi: 10.1038/ng.2257. Citation on PubMed