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Most patients require 1 to 3 days to adapt to breathing through a tracheostomy tube. Communication will require adjustment. Initially, it may be impossible for the patient to talk or make sounds. After training and practice, most patients can learn to talk with a trach tube.
Patients or parents learn how to take care of the tracheostomy during the hospital stay. Home-care service may also be available. Normal lifestyles are encouraged and most activities can be resumed. When outside a loose covering for the tracheostomy stoma (hole) (a scarf or other protection) is recommended. Other safety precautions regarding exposure to water, aerosols, powder or food particles must be adhered to.
After treatment of the underlying problem that necessitated the tracheostomy tube initially, the tube is easily removed, and the hole heals quickly, with only a small scar.
Review Date 1/22/2023
Updated by: Denis Hadjiliadis, MD, MHS, Paul F. Harron, Jr. Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.