The brachial plexus is a group of nerves that run from the lower neck through the upper shoulder area. These nerves provide the shoulder, arm, forearm, and hand with movement and sensation.
Damage to the brachial plexus nerves can cause muscle and sensation problems that are often associated with pain in the same area. Symptoms may include:
- Loss of feeling or sensation in your arm or hand
- Trouble moving your arm or hand
- Lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist
- Severe pain
Chad DA, Bowley MP. Disorders of nerve roots and plexuses. In: Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, Newman NJ, eds. Bradley and Daroff's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap:105.
Chan K, Lee SK. Surgical management of adult traumatic brachial plexus injuries. In: Skirven TM, Osterman AL, Fedroczyk JM, Amadio PC, Feldscher SB, Shin EK, eds. Rehabilitation of the Hand and Upper Extremity. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 45.
Standring S. Pectoral girdle and upper limb: overview and surface anatomy. In: Standring S, ed. Gray's Anatomy. 42nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 48.
Review Date 1/23/2023
Updated by: Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Department of Neurology, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, Camden, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.