Sometimes the mental problem occurs first. This can lead people to use alcohol or drugs that make them feel better temporarily. Sometimes the substance abuse occurs first. Over time, that can lead to emotional and mental problems.
Someone with a dual diagnosis must treat both conditions. For the treatment to be effective, the person needs to stop using alcohol or drugs. Treatments may include behavioral therapy, medicines, and support groups.
NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Kids with Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol (09/16/2016, HealthDay)
- Alcohol Abuse and Other Psychiatric Disorders (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism)
- Behavioral Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Services Locator (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
- Bipolar Disorder and Alcoholism: Are They Related? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Co-Occurring Disorders (Mental Health America)
- Comorbidity (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
- Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Illness (NAMI)
- Should You Talk to Someone About a Drug, Alcohol, or Mental Health Problem? (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) - PDF Also in Spanish
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health (National Institute of Mental Health)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Potential Risks of Poorly Monitored Ketamine Use in Depression Treatment.
- Article: A randomized, placebo-controlled proof-of-concept trial of adjunctive topiramate for alcohol...
- Article: Comparison of methods to assess psychiatric medication adherence in methadone-maintained...
- Dual Diagnosis -- see more articles