Your back is made of bones, muscles, and other tissues extending from your neck to your pelvis. Back injuries can result from sports injuries, work around the house or in the garden, or a sudden jolt such as a car accident. The lower back is the most common site of back injuries and back pain. Common back injuries include :
These injuries can cause pain and limit your movement. Treatments vary but might include medicines, icing, bed rest, physical therapy, or surgery. You might be able to prevent some back injuries by maintaining a healthy weight, lifting objects with your legs, and using lower-back support when you sit.
Diagnosis and Tests
- Bone X-Ray (Radiography) (American College of Radiology; Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan of the Spine (American College of Radiology; Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Spine (American College of Radiology; Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Lifting Safety: Tips To Help Prevent Back Injuries (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Spine Rehabilitation Exercises (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
- Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - PDF
Videos and Tutorials
- Prevention: Exercise (North American Spine Society)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Back Injuries (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Optimization-based biomechanical lifting models for manual material handling: A comprehensive review.
- Article: Lumbar bone stress injuries and risk factors in adolescent cricket fast...
- Article: Healthcare worker choice and low back force between self-chosen and highest...
- Back Injuries -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Find a Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Physician (American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
- Find a Physical Therapist (American Physical Therapy Association)
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Also in Spanish