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Wilms tumor is a rare type of kidney cancer. It causes a tumor on one or both kidneys. It usually affects children, but can happen in adults. Having certain genetic conditions or birth defects can increase the risk of getting it. Children that are at risk should be screened for Wilms tumor every three months until they turn eight.
Symptoms include a lump in the abdomen, blood in the urine, and a fever for no reason. Tests that examine the kidney and blood are used to find the tumor.
Doctors usually diagnose and remove the tumor in surgery. Other treatments include chemotherapy and radiation and biologic therapies. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Signs and Symptoms of Wilms Tumor (American Cancer Society)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Can Wilms Tumor Be Found Early? (American Cancer Society)
Treatments and Therapies
- Drugs Approved for Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Cancers (National Cancer Institute)
- Nephrectomy (Kidney Removal) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Treatment Option Overview (Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors) (National Cancer Institute)
- Treatment Options for Wilms Tumor (National Cancer Institute)
- Genetics Home Reference: 2q37 deletion syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Denys-Drash syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: WAGR syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Learning about WAGR Syndrome (National Human Genome Research Institute)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Wilms Tumor (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Multilocular Cystic Nephroma: A Systematic Literature Review of the Radiologic...
- Article: Overall Survival and Renal Function of Patients With Synchronous Bilateral...
- Article: Advances in Wilms Tumor Treatment and Biology: Progress Through International...
- Wilms Tumor -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Cancer Society
- Find a Cancer Doctor (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
- National Cancer Institute Available in Spanish
- NCI Designated Cancer Centers (National Cancer Institute) Available in Spanish
- Organizations That Offer Support Services (National Cancer Institute) Available in Spanish