Vitiligo causes white patches on your skin. It can also affect your eyes, mouth, and nose. It occurs when the cells that give your skin its color are destroyed. No one knows what destroys them. It is more common in people with autoimmune diseases, and it might run in families. It usually starts before age 40.
The white patches are more common where your skin is exposed to the sun. In some cases, the patches spread. Vitiligo can cause your hair to gray early. If you have dark skin, you may lose color inside your mouth.
Using sunscreen will help protect your skin, and cosmetics can cover up the patches. Treatments for vitiligo include medicines, light therapy, and surgery. Not every treatment is right for everyone. Many have side effects. Some take a long time. Some do not always work.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Treatments and Therapies
- Micropigmentation for Vitiligo (American Society for Dermatologic Surgery)
- Genetics Home Reference: vitiligo (National Library of Medicine)
- Vitiligo (Logical Images)
Statistics and Research
- Modified Protein Improves Vitiligo Symptoms in Mice (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Vitiligo (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Metabo-miR: miR-211 Regulates Mitochondrial Energy Metabolism in Vitiligo.
- Article: Reduced Nrf2 activation in PI3K phosphorylation-impaired vitiliginous keratinocytes increases susceptibility...
- Article: Repigmentation in vitiligo using the Janus kinase inhibitor tofacitinib may...
- Vitiligo -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Vitiligo (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
- Vitiligo (Nemours Foundation)