A tsunami is a series of huge ocean waves created by an underwater disturbance. Causes include earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, or meteorites--chunks of rock from space that strike the surface of Earth. A tsunami can move hundreds of miles per hour in the open ocean. It can smash into land with waves as high as 100 feet or more and cause devastating floods. Drowning is the most common cause of death related to a tsunami.
Although there are no guarantees of safety during a tsunami, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety, and losses. If you do experience a disaster, it is normal to feel stressed. You may need help in finding ways to cope.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
- Federal Emergency Management Agency Also in Spanish
- Health Effects of Tsunamis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Tsunami Preparedness (American Red Cross)
- Tsunamis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
- Tsunamis (Department of Homeland Security)
- Tsunamis: Water Quality (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in Spanish
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Estimation of tsunami debris on seafloors towards future disaster preparedness: Unveiling...
- Article: The new science of volcanoes harnesses AI, satellites and gas sensors...
- Article: The protective benefits of tsunami mitigation parks and ramifications for their...
- Tsunamis -- see more articles