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Proteína del suero

¿Qué es?

La proteína del suero es la proteína que contiene el suero, la porción acuosa de la leche que se separa del requesón cuando se hace el queso.

La proteína del suero es comúnmente usada para mejorar el rendimiento deportivo, pero la evidencia que lo respalda es contradictoria. La proteína del suero se utiliza también para detener la pérdida de peso corporal en personas con VIH y para ayudar a prevenir las condiciones alérgicas en bebés.

¿Qué tan efectivo es?

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (La Base Exhaustiva de Datos de Medicamentos Naturales) clasifica la eficacia, basada en evidencia científica, de acuerdo a la siguiente escala: Eficaz, Probablemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Ineficaz, Probablemente Ineficaz, Ineficaz, e Insuficiente Evidencia para Hacer una Determinación.

La clasificación de la eficacia para este producto es la siguiente:

Posiblemente eficaz para...

  • Picazón e inflamación de la piel (eccema). La investigación muestra que los bebés que ingieren proteína del suero durante los primeros 3-12 meses de vida presentan menos riesgo de desarrollar enrojecimiento y picazón en piel a los 3 años.
  • Propensión a las alergias y reacciones alérgicas (atopia). La investigación muestra que los bebés que ingieren mensualmente proteína del suero durante los primeros 3-12 meses de vida son menos propensos a las alergias y reacciones alérgicas en comparación con los bebés alimentados con leche común. Sin embargo, la ingesta de proteína podría no ser beneficiosa para tratar las atopias una vez que estas se manifiestan.
  • Pérdida de peso en personas con la enfermedad del VIH/SIDA. Cierta investigación muestra que la ingesta de proteínas del suero puede ayudar a detener la pérdida de peso en personas con VIH.
  • Enrojecimiento y descamación de la piel (psoriasis en placa). Cierta evidencia muestra que la ingesta diaria de un extracto específico de proteína del suero durante 8 semanas puede disminuir los síntomas de la psoriasis.

Posiblemente ineficaz para...

  • Enfermedad en los pulmones llamada enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC). Cierta investigación muestra que la ingesta diaria de un suplemento específico de proteína de suero durante 6 semanas puede mejorar la falta de aire, pero no la función pulmonar o la calidad de vida en personas con EPOC. Otra investigación sugiere que la ingesta de suplementos de proteína del suero no mejora la función pulmonar, la función muscular o el ejercicio físico en personas con EPOC.
  • Osteoporosis. La investigación sugiere que la ingesta diaria de una bebida que contiene proteína del suero durante 2 años no mejora le densidad ósea en mujeres posmenopáusicas con osteoporosis.
  • Pérdida de peso. La mayoría de la investigación sugiere que la ingesta aislada de proteína del suero, acompañada de cambios en la dieta o mientras se sigue una rutina de ejercicios físicos no parece disminuir en mayor medida el peso en personas con sobrepeso u obesas. Sin embargo, las proteínas del suero podrían mejorar la composición corporal y disminuir la ingesta de calorías en adultos con sobrepeso cuando se las ingiere como aparte de una dieta modificada. En adolescentes con sobrepeso, la ingesta de una bebida a base de proteína del suero durante 12 meses parece aumentar el peso y el índice de masa corporal (IMC).

Insuficiente evidencia para hacer una determinación para...

  • Asma. Cierta investigación sugiere que la ingesta diaria de un tipo específico de proteína del suero durante 30 días no mejora la función pulmonar en niños con asma.
  • Rendimiento atlético. Cierta investigación preliminar muestra que la ingesta de proteína del suero en combinación con el entrenamiento de fuerza aumenta la masa corporal magra, la fuerza y el tamaño del músculo en hombres sanos. Sin embargo, otra investigación no muestra efecto adicional de la proteína del suero sobre la fuerza o la masa muscular en hombres con exceso de peso y con niveles altos de colesterol. Además, la ingesta de proteína del suero parece mejorar la velocidad de corrida y la de recuperación del ejercicio físico en mayor medida que la ingesta de clorhidratos y de suplementos no calóricos en hombres que no realizan entrenamiento físico, pero no en hombres que sí realizan entrenamiento físico.
  • Cáncer. Existe cierta evidencia de que la ingesta de proteína del suero podría disminuir el tamaño del tumor en ciertas personas con cáncer diseminado.
  • Fibrosis quística. Cierta investigación sugiere que la ingesta diaria de proteína del suero durante 28 días mejora la función pulmonar en niños, pero no en adultos con fibrosis quística.
  • Diabetes. Cierta investigación preliminar muestra que el consumo de una bebida específica que contiene un concentrado de proteína del suero antes de las comidas disminuye los niveles de azúcar en sangre en personas diabéticas.
  • Asma causada por el ejercicio físico. Cierta investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta diaria de proteína del suero durante 12 semanas puede mejorar la función pulmonar en niños con EHNA.
  • Hepatitis. La investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta diaria de un tipo específico de proteína del suero durante 12 semanas puede mejorar la funciona hepática en ciertas personas con hepatitis B. Sin embargo, no parece ser positiva para personas con hepatitis C.
  • VIH/SIDA. Cierta investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta de proteínas del suero proteína del suero durante 4 meses no mejora la función inmunitaria en niños con VIH.
  • Colesterol alto. La investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta diaria de proteína del suero al tiempo que se realiza ejercicios de levantamiento de pesas no disminuye los niveles de colesterol o la grasa corporal en hombres con sobrepeso con y con colesterol alto.
  • Presión arterial alta. La investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta diaria de una bebida que contiene proteína del suero durante 12 semanas no reduce la presión arterial en personas con presión arterial alta. Sin embargo, la ingesta diaria de proteína del suero hidrolizadas durante 6 semanas puede disminuir la presión arterial.
  • Infecciones durante la permanencia en el hospital. La investigación sugiere que la ingesta diaria de un suplemento específico de proteína del suero durante un máximo de 28 días presenta efecto similar sobre la tasa de infecciones adquiridas en el hospital al de la ingesta de una combinación de cinc, selenio, glutamina y metoclopramida.
  • Enfermedad muscular (miopatías mitocondriales). La investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta diaria de un suplemento de proteína del suero durante un mes no mejora la fuerza muscular o la calidad de vida en personas con enfermedades mitocondriales.
  • Enfermedad hepática (esteatohepatitis no alcohólica, EHNA). Cierta investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta de proteína del suero durante 12 semanas puede mejorar la función hepática en pacientes con EHNA.
  • Quiste en los ovarios (síndrome ovárico poliquístico). Cierta investigación sugiere que la ingesta diaria de un suplemento que contiene proteína del suero durante 2 meses puede reducir el peso corporal, la masa grasa y el colesterol en personas con quistes de ovarios. Sin embargo, las proteínas del suero no mejoran los niveles de azúcar en la sangre y parecen disminuir el colesterol de lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL o “bueno”).
  • Dolor y rigidez causados por inflamación (polimialgia reumática). La investigación preliminar sugiere que la ingesta de proteína del suero en un producto lácteo 2 veces por día durante 8 semanas no mejora la función muscular, la velocidad del andar u otras pruebas de movimiento en personas con polimialgia reumática.
  • Otras condiciones.
Se necesitan más pruebas para poder evaluar la eficacia de las proteínas del suero de leche para estos usos.

¿Cómo funciona?

Las proteínas del suero de la leche son una fuente de proteínas que podrían mejorar el contenido de los nutrientes en la dieta. Las proteínas del suero de la leche podrían también tener efectos sobre el sistema inmunológico.

¿Hay preocupación por la seguridad de su uso?

Las proteínas del suero SON PROABLEMENTE SEGURAS para la mayoría de los niños y adultos cuando se las ingiere en forma apropiada. Las dosis altas pueden causar algunos efectos secundarios como aumento de las evacuaciones, náuseas, sed, hinchazón, calambres, disminución del apetito, cansancio (fatiga) y dolor de cabeza.

Advertencias y precauciones especiales:

Embarazo y lactancia: No existe suficiente información confiable sobre si resulta segura la ingesta de las proteínas del suero de la leche durante el embarazo o la lactancia. Sea precavida y evite su uso.

Alergia a la leche: Si usted es alérgico a la leche de vaca, evite el uso de proteínas del suero de la leche.

¿Existen interacciones con medicamentos?

Serias
No tome esta combinación
Levodopa
Las proteínas del suero de leche podrían disminuir la cantidad de levodopa que el cuerpo absorbe. Al disminuir la cantidad de levodopa, que el cuerpo absorbe, las proteínas del suero de leche podrían disminuir la eficacia de la levodopa. No tome las proteínas del suero de leche y la levodopa al mismo tiempo.
Moderadas
Tenga cuidado con esta combinación
Albendazol
Las proteínas del suero de la leche podrían disminuir la cantidad de albendazol que el cuerpo absorbe. La ingesta de proteínas del suero de la leche y albendazol al mismo tiempo pueden disminuir la efectividad del albendazol. No ingiere proteínas del suero de la leche si consume albendozol.
Alendronato (Fosamax)
Las proteínas del suero de la leche pueden disminuir la cantidad de alendronato (Fosamax) que el cuerpo absorbe. El tomar proteínas del suero de la leche y alendronato (Fosamax) al mismo tiempo puede disminuir la eficacia del alendronato (Fosamax). No tome proteínas del suero de la leche antes de dos horas después de haber tomado alendronato (Fosamax).
Antibióticos (Antibióticos de tetraciclina)
Las proteínas del suero contienen calcio. El calcio en las proteínas del suero se puede unir a las tetraciclinas en el estómago. Esto disminuye la cantidad de tetraciclinas que pueden ser absorbidas. El tomar calcio con tetraciclinas puede disminuir la eficacia de las tetraciclinas. Para evitar esta interacción tome las proteínas del suero de leche, dos horas antes o cuatro horas después de tomar las tetraciclinas.

Algunas tetraciclinas incluyen demeclociclina (Declomycin), minociclina (Minocin) y tetraciclina (Achromycin).
Antibióticos (Quinolonas)
Las proteínas del suero podrían disminuir la cantidad de antibióticos que el cuerpo absorbe. El tomar proteínas del suero junto con algunos antibióticos podría disminuir la eficacia de algunos antibióticos. Para evitar esta interacción tome los suplementos de proteínas del suero de leche al menos una hora después de los antibióticos.

Algunos de estos antibióticos que pueden interactuar con las proteínas del suero incluyen ciprofloxacina (Cipro), enoxacina (Penetrex), norfloxacina (Chibroxin, Noroxin), esparfloxacina (Zagam), trovafloxacina (Trovan) y grepafloxacina (Raxar).

¿Existen interacciones con hierbas y suplementos?

No se conoce ninguna interacción con hierbas y suplementos.

¿Existen interacciones con alimentos?

No se conoce ninguna interacción con alimentos.

¿Qué dosis se utiliza?

Las siguiente dosis han sido estudiadas en investigaciones científicas:

ADULTOS
POR VÍA ORAL:
  • Mejorar el rendimiento deportivo: Tome por 6-10 semanas 1,2-1,5 g de proteínas del suero por kg de peso, en combinación con el entrenamiento para aumentar la fuerza.
  • Pérdida de peso relacionada con el VIH/SIDA: 8.4-84 gramos de proteínas del suero de leche por día, o 2,4 g / kg / día en una fórmula de alto contenido calórico, o 42-84 gramos por día en una fórmula enriquecida con glutamina.
  • Enrojecimiento y descamación de la piel (psoriasis en placa): 5 gramos por día de un extracto específico de proteína del suero.

Otros nombres

Bovine Whey Protein Concentrate, Concentré de Protéine de Petit-Lait Bovin, Fraction de Lactosérum, Fraction de Petit-Lait, Goat Milk Whey, Goat Whey, Isolat de Protéine de Lactosérum, Isolat de Protéine de Petit-Lait, Lactosérum de Lait de Chèvre, MBP, Milk Protein, Milk Protein Isolate, Mineral Whey Concentrate, Protéine de Lactosérum, Protéine de Lait, Protéine de Petit-Lait, Whey, Whey Fraction, Whey Peptides, Whey Protein Concentrate, Whey Protein Hydrolysate, Whey Protein Isolate, WPC, WPI.

Metodología

Para saber más sobre cómo este artículo fue escrito, refiérase a la metodología de la Base exhaustiva de datos de medicamentos naturales.

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