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Saccharomyces Boulardii

¿Qué es?

Saccharomyces boulardii es una levadura que se cree que es una cepa de Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Probablemente sea eficaz para tratar ciertos tipos de diarrea. Saccharomyces boulardii se llama "probiótico", un organismo amigable que ayuda a combatir los organismos "malos" que pueden causar enfermedades. Saccharomyces boulardii es diferente de otras cepas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae, comúnmente conocidas como levadura de cerveza y levadura de panadería.

Saccharomyces boulardii se usa con mayor frecuencia para tratar y prevenir la diarrea, incluida la diarrea por rotavirus en niños. Tiene alguna evidencia de uso para otros tipos de diarrea, acné y una infección del tracto digestivo que puede provocar úlceras. No hay buena evidencia que respalde el uso de Saccharomyces boulardii para COVID-19.

¿Qué tan efectivo es?

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (La Base Exhaustiva de Datos de Medicamentos Naturales) clasifica la eficacia, basada en evidencia científica, de acuerdo a la siguiente escala: Eficaz, Probablemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Eficaz, Posiblemente Ineficaz, Probablemente Ineficaz, Ineficaz, e Insuficiente Evidencia para Hacer una Determinación.

La clasificación de la eficacia para este producto es la siguiente:

Probablemente eficaz para...

  • Diarrea. La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii puede reducir la duración de la diarrea en los niños. No está claro si ayuda a los adultos.

Posiblemente eficaz para...

  • Diarrea en personas que toman antibióticos (diarrea asociada a antibióticos). La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii puede ayudar a prevenir la diarrea en adultos y niños que reciben tratamiento con antibióticos.
  • Infección del tracto gastrointestinal por una bacteria llamada Clostridium difficile. La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii parece ayudar a prevenir la diarrea por infección por Clostridium difficile. Tomarlo junto con antibióticos parece ayudar a prevenir la recurrencia de una infección.
  • Una infección del tracto digestivo que puede provocar úlceras (Helicobacter pylori o H. pylori). La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii junto con el tratamiento estándar contra H. pylori ayuda a prevenir efectos secundarios como diarrea y náuseas que se presentan con el tratamiento estándar contra H. pylori.
  • Una enfermedad intestinal grave en bebés prematuros (enterocolitis necrotizante o ECN). La mayoría de las investigaciones muestran que administrar Saccharomyces boulardii por vía oral a bebés prematuros previene la ECN.
  • Diarrea causada por rotavirus. La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii parece reducir la duración de la diarrea en niños con diarrea causada por rotavirus.

Posiblemente ineficaz para...

  • Infección de la sangre (sepsis). La administración de Saccharomyces boulardii a bebés prematuros por vía oral no previene la sepsis.
Existe interés en usar Saccharomyces boulardii para otros propósitos, pero no hay suficiente información confiable para decir si podría ser útil.

¿Hay preocupación por la seguridad de su uso?

Cuando se toma por vía oral: Saccharomyces boulardii probablemente sea seguro para la mayoría de los adultos cuando se usa hasta por 15 meses. Puede causar gases en algunas personas.

Advertencias y precauciones especiales:

Embarazo y lactancia: No hay suficiente información confiable para saber si Saccharomyces boulardii es seguro de usar durante el embarazo o la lactancia. Manténgase en el lado seguro y evite su uso.

Niños: Saccharomyces boulardii es posiblemente seguro para los niños cuando se ingiere adecuadamente. Sin embargo, la diarrea en los niños debe ser evaluada por un profesional de la salud antes de usar Saccharomyces boulardii.

Ancianos: Los ancianos pueden tener un mayor riesgo de infección por hongos cuando toman Saccharomyces boulardii. Manténgase en el lado seguro y evite su uso.

Sistema inmunológico debilitado: Saccharomyces boulardii ha causado infecciones fúngicas en personas con sistemas inmunitarios debilitados. Esto incluye a personas con VIH / SIDA o cáncer, o personas que están tomando medicamentos para prevenir el rechazo de un órgano trasplantado. En muchos casos, la fungemia se debe a la contaminación del catéter por aire, superficies ambientales o manos contaminadas con Saccharomyces boulardii. Si tiene un sistema inmunológico debilitado, hable con su proveedor de atención médica antes de tomar Saccharomyces boulardii.

Alergia a las levaduras: las personas con alergia a las levaduras pueden ser alérgicas a los productos que contienen Saccharomyces boulardii. Manténgase en el lado seguro y evite estos productos.

¿Existen interacciones con medicamentos?

Menores
Preste atención a esta combinación
Medicamentos para las infecciones por hongos (antifúngicos)
Saccharomyces boulardii es un hongo. Los medicamentos para las infecciones por hongos ayudan a reducir los hongos dentro y fuera del cuerpo. La ingesta de Saccharomyces boulardii con medicamentos para las infecciones por hongos puede reducir los efectos de Saccharomyces boulardii.

¿Existen interacciones con hierbas y suplementos?

No se conoce ninguna interacción con hierbas y suplementos.

¿Existen interacciones con alimentos?

No se conoce ninguna interacción con alimentos.

¿Qué dosis se utiliza?

En los adultos, Saccharomyces boulardii se ha tomado con mayor frecuencia por vía oral en dosis de 500 a 1000 mg (alrededor de 10 a 20 mil millones de unidades formadoras de colonias) al día durante 4 semanas. En los niños, Saccharomyces boulardii se ha tomado con mayor frecuencia por vía oral en dosis de 250 a 500 mg (alrededor de 5 a 10 mil millones de unidades formadoras de colonias) durante un máximo de 4 semanas.

Otros nombres

Probiotic, Probiotique, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces Boulardii CNCM I-745, Saccharomyces Boulardii HANSEN CBS 5926, Saccharomyces Boulardii Lyo CNCM I-745, Saccharomyces Boulardius, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Boulardii, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (Boulardii), Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (Boulardii) HANSEN CBS 5926, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae HANSEN CBS 5926, Saccharomyces cerevisiae var boulardii, S. Boulardii, SCB.

Metodología

Para saber más sobre cómo este artículo fue escrito, refiérase a la metodología de la Base exhaustiva de datos de medicamentos naturales.

Referencias

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Documento revisado - 07/26/2021