Many people who chew tobacco or dip snuff think it's safer than smoking. But you don't have to smoke tobacco for it to be dangerous. Chewing or dipping carries risks like
- Cancer of the mouth
- Decay of exposed tooth roots
- Pulling away of the gums from the teeth
- White patches or red sores in the mouth that can turn to cancer
Recent research shows the dangers of smokeless tobacco may go beyond the mouth. It might also play a role in other cancers, heart disease and stroke.
Smokeless tobacco contains more nicotine than cigarettes. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug that makes it hard to stop using tobacco once you start. Having a quit date and a quitting plan can help you stop successfully.
NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Prevention and Risk Factors
- BeTobaccoFree.gov (Department of Health and Human Services)
- Betel Quid with Tobacco (Gutka) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chewing Tobacco: Not a Safe Alternative to Cigarettes (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- E-Cigs, Menthol & Dip (National Cancer Institute, Tobacco Control Research Branch) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Tobacco, Smokeless (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: State-Specific Patterns of Cigarette Smoking, Smokeless Tobacco Use, and E-Cigarette...
- Article: Socio-economic and demographic determinants of tobacco use in Kenya: findings...
- Article: Oxidant-antioxidant status and assessment of cardiovascular morbidity in Pan Masala...
- Smokeless Tobacco -- see more articles