Many people who chew tobacco or dip snuff think it's safer than smoking. But you don't have to smoke tobacco for it to be dangerous. Chewing or dipping carries risks like
- Cancer of the mouth
- Decay of exposed tooth roots
- Pulling away of the gums from the teeth
- White patches or red sores in the mouth that can turn to cancer
Recent research shows the dangers of smokeless tobacco may go beyond the mouth. It might also play a role in other cancers, heart disease and stroke.
Smokeless tobacco contains more nicotine than cigarettes. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug that makes it hard to stop using tobacco once you start. Having a quit date and a quitting plan can help you stop successfully.
NIH: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Prevention and Risk Factors
- BeTobaccoFree.gov (Department of Health and Human Services)
- Chewing Tobacco: Not a Safe Alternative to Cigarettes (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- E-Cigs, Menthol & Dip (National Cancer Institute, Tobacco Control Research Branch)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Tobacco, Smokeless (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Single nucleotide polymorphisms and serologic levels of hypoxia-inducible factor1 α and...
- Article: Smokers' and Young Adult Non-Smokers' Perceptions and Perceived Impact of Snus...
- Article: Smokeless tobacco induces toxicity and apoptosis in neuronal cells: a mechanistic...
- Smokeless Tobacco -- see more articles