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Your paranasal sinuses are small hollow spaces around the nose. They are lined with cells that make mucus, which keeps your nose from drying out. The nasal cavity is the passageway just behind your nose. Air passes through it on the way to your throat as you breathe.
Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare. You are at greater risk if you are:
- Male and over 40 years old
- Exposed to certain workplace chemicals
- Infected with HPV
- A smoker
There may be no symptoms at first, and later symptoms can be like those of infections. Doctors diagnose nasal cancer with imaging tests, lighted tube-like instruments that look inside the nose, and biopsies. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- General Information about Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
Prevention and Risk Factors
- Risk Factors for Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers (American Cancer Society)
- Living as a Nasal Cavity or Paranasal Sinus Cancer Survivor (American Cancer Society)
- Oral Complications of Chemotherapy and Head/Neck Radiation (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Esthesioneuroblastoma (Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center)
Statistics and Research
- Key Statistics about Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancers (American Cancer Society)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Human papillomavirus expression in relation to biological behavior, Ki-67 proliferative marker,...
- Article: Deconstructing Olfactory Epithelium Developmental Pathways in Olfactory Neuroblastoma.
- Article: Sinonasal malignancies: histopathological entities, regional involvement and long-term outcome.
- Nasal Cancer -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- American Cancer Society
- American Rhinologic Society
- Find a Cancer Doctor (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
- Find an ENT (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
- National Cancer Institute Also in Spanish
- NCI Designated Cancer Centers (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Organizations that Offer Cancer Support Services (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish