Lice are parasitic insects that can be found on people's heads and bodies. They survive by feeding on human blood. Lice found on each area of the body are different from each other. The three types of lice that live on humans are head lice, body lice (also called clothes lice), and pubic lice ("crabs").
Symptoms of lice may include
- Intense itching
- Visible nits (lice eggs) or crawling lice
Lice spread most commonly by close person-to-person contact. Dogs, cats, and other pets do not spread human lice. Lice move by crawling. They cannot hop or fly. If you get lice, both over-the-counter and prescription medicines are available for treatment.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Body Lice Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Pediculosis Pubis (Pubic Lice) (Logical Images)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Lice Infestations (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Getting Ahead of Head Lice: Treatment in the Setting of...
- Article: Acaricidal, pediculicidal and larvicidal activity of synthesized ZnO nanoparticles using...
- Article: Randomized, investigator-blinded, controlled clinical study with lice shampoo (Licener®) versus...
- Lice -- see more articles