In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Twenty-two of these pairs, called autosomes, look the same in both males and females. The 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes, differ between males and females. Females have two copies of the X chromosome, while males have one X and one Y chromosome.
Credit: U.S. National Library of Medicine
Topics in the Cells and DNA chapter
- What is a cell?
- What is DNA?
- What is a gene?
- What is a chromosome?
- How many chromosomes do people have?
- What is noncoding DNA?
The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.