The ZMYM2 gene (previously known as ZNF198) provides instructions for making a protein whose function is not clearly understood. It is a member of a family of zinc finger proteins, which contain one or more short regions called zinc finger domains. The zinc finger domains in the ZMYM2 protein are thought to allow it to regulate interactions between other proteins. ZMYM2 is found in the nucleus of the cell, where it likely associates with other proteins. Through these associations, the ZMYM2 protein may be involved in repairing DNA errors, controlling gene activity, or forming structures in the nucleus called PML nuclear bodies that block the growth and division of cells and promote their self-destruction (apoptosis).
Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes
8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome
A genetic change involving the ZMYM2 gene causes most cases of 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome. This condition is characterized by an increased number of white blood cells (myeloproliferative disorder) and the development of lymphoma, a blood-related cancer that causes tumor formation in the lymph nodes. The myeloproliferative disorder usually develops into another form of blood cancer called acute myeloid leukemia. 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome most commonly results from a rearrangement (translocation) of genetic material between chromosome 13 and chromosome 8. This genetic change fuses part of the ZMYM2 gene on chromosome 13 with part of the FGFR1 gene on chromosome 8. The translocation is found only in cancer cells.
The protein produced from the normal FGFR1 gene can turn on cellular signaling that helps the cell respond to its environment, for example by stimulating cell growth. The protein produced from the fused ZMYM2-FGFR1 gene leads to constant FGFR1 signaling. The uncontrolled signaling promotes continuous cell growth and division, leading to cancer.More About This Health Condition
Other Names for This Gene
- fused in myeloproliferative disorders protein
- rearranged in an atypical myeloproliferative disorder
- zinc finger MYM-type protein 2
- zinc finger protein 198
- zinc finger, MYM-type 2
Additional Information & Resources
Tests Listed in the Genetic Testing Registry
Scientific Articles on PubMed
Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM
- Gocke CB, Yu H. ZNF198 stabilizes the LSD1-CoREST-HDAC1 complex on chromatin through its MYM-type zinc fingers. PLoS One. 2008 Sep 22;3(9):e3255. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003255. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
- Jackson CC, Medeiros LJ, Miranda RN. 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome: a review. Hum Pathol. 2010 Apr;41(4):461-76. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2009.11.003. Citation on PubMed
- Kunapuli P, Kasyapa CS, Chin SF, Caldas C, Cowell JK. ZNF198, a zinc finger protein rearranged in myeloproliferative disease, localizes to the PML nuclear bodies and interacts with SUMO-1 and PML. Exp Cell Res. 2006 Nov 15;312(19):3739-51. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2006.06.037. Epub 2006 Aug 14. Citation on PubMed
- Kunapuli P, Somerville R, Still IH, Cowell JK. ZNF198 protein, involved in rearrangement in myeloproliferative disease, forms complexes with the DNA repair-associated HHR6A/6B and RAD18 proteins. Oncogene. 2003 May 29;22(22):3417-23. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1206408. Citation on PubMed
- Xiao S, McCarthy JG, Aster JC, Fletcher JA. ZNF198-FGFR1 transforming activity depends on a novel proline-rich ZNF198 oligomerization domain. Blood. 2000 Jul 15;96(2):699-704. Citation on PubMed
- Xiao S, Nalabolu SR, Aster JC, Ma J, Abruzzo L, Jaffe ES, Stone R, Weissman SM, Hudson TJ, Fletcher JA. FGFR1 is fused with a novel zinc-finger gene, ZNF198, in the t(8;13) leukaemia/lymphoma syndrome. Nat Genet. 1998 Jan;18(1):84-7. doi: 10.1038/ng0198-84. Citation on PubMed
The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.