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TTC37 gene

tetratricopeptide repeat domain 37
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Normal Function

The TTC37 gene provides instructions for making a protein whose function has not been confirmed. Based on its similarity to a protein in other organisms, researchers speculate that the TTC37 protein acts as part of a group of proteins called the SKI complex. This complex is thought to be necessary for the function of another large protein complex known as the cytosolic exosome. Within cells, the cytosolic exosome helps to recognize and break down excess or abnormal messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules. mRNA is a chemical cousin of DNA that serves as the genetic blueprint for protein production. Studies suggest that the cytosolic exosome's role in getting rid of excess and abnormal mRNA is important for cell growth.

Health Conditions Related to Genetic Changes

Trichohepatoenteric syndrome

At least 25 mutations in the TTC37 gene have been found to cause trichohepatoenteric syndrome, a rare condition that affects many parts of the body. Its major signs and symptoms include chronic diarrhea starting in infancy, hair abnormalities, distinctive facial features, and liver disease. Mutations in this gene likely eliminate the function of the TTC37 protein. Researchers hypothesize that a loss of this protein's function impairs the activity of the SKI complex and the cytosolic exosome. However, it is unknown how these changes could lead to chronic diarrhea and the other features of trichohepatoenteric syndrome.

More About This Health Condition

Other Names for This Gene

  • KIAA0372
  • Ski3
  • SKI3 homolog
  • tetratricopeptide repeat protein 37
  • thespin
  • TPR repeat protein 37
  • tricho-hepatic-enteric syndrome protein

Additional Information & Resources

Tests Listed in the Genetic Testing Registry

Scientific Articles on PubMed

Catalog of Genes and Diseases from OMIM

Research Resources

References

  • Fabre A, Charroux B, Martinez-Vinson C, Roquelaure B, Odul E, Sayar E, Smith H, Colomb V, Andre N, Hugot JP, Goulet O, Lacoste C, Sarles J, Royet J, Levy N, Badens C. SKIV2L mutations cause syndromic diarrhea, or trichohepatoenteric syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Apr 6;90(4):689-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.02.009. Epub 2012 Mar 22. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
  • Fabre A, Martinez-Vinson C, Goulet O, Badens C. Syndromic diarrhea/Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013 Jan 9;8:5. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-8-5. Review. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
  • Fabre A, Martinez-Vinson C, Roquelaure B, Missirian C, André N, Breton A, Lachaux A, Odul E, Colomb V, Lemale J, Cézard JP, Goulet O, Sarles J, Levy N, Badens C. Novel mutations in TTC37 associated with tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome. Hum Mutat. 2011 Mar;32(3):277-81. doi: 10.1002/humu.21420. Epub 2011 Feb 17. Citation on PubMed
  • Hartley JL, Zachos NC, Dawood B, Donowitz M, Forman J, Pollitt RJ, Morgan NV, Tee L, Gissen P, Kahr WH, Knisely AS, Watson S, Chitayat D, Booth IW, Protheroe S, Murphy S, de Vries E, Kelly DA, Maher ER. Mutations in TTC37 cause trichohepatoenteric syndrome (phenotypic diarrhea of infancy). Gastroenterology. 2010 Jun;138(7):2388-98, 2398.e1-2. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.02.010. Epub 2010 Feb 20. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
  • van Dijk EL, Schilders G, Pruijn GJ. Human cell growth requires a functional cytoplasmic exosome, which is involved in various mRNA decay pathways. RNA. 2007 Jul;13(7):1027-35. Epub 2007 Jun 1. Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central
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