- Go to slide 1 out of 5
- Go to slide 2 out of 5
- Go to slide 3 out of 5
- Go to slide 4 out of 5
- Go to slide 5 out of 5
Both the samples are added to a gel, which is then filtered through a cartridge. The gel separates the proteins in each sample and the lab looks for oligoclonal banding.
If results are normal one or less bandings will be found in the CSF.
If results are abnormal there are 2 or more bandings found in the CSF and not in the blood serum. This may indicate multiple sclerosis (MS). CSF oligoclonal bands are found in 83% to 94% of patients with definite MS. Other causes of oligoclonal banding in CSF include encephalitis, meningitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, polyneuritis, headache, and other conditions.
Review Date 5/4/2021
Updated by: Joseph V. Campellone, MD, Department of Neurology, Cooper Medical School at Rowan University, Camden, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.