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Healthy food trends -- quinoa

Quinoa (pronounced "keen-wah") is a hearty, protein-rich seed, considered by many to be a whole grain. A "whole grain" contains all of the original parts of the grain or seed, making it a healthier and more complete food. Quinoa is in the same plant family with Swiss chard, spinach, and sugar beets.

Quinoa is gluten-free, and the flour is a good substitute for wheat flour. Mild and nutty flavored, quinoa can be enjoyed in many ways.

Why it is good for you

Quinoa is rich in protein. It has almost twice the amount of protein found in oats, and a bit more fiber and iron.

You need protein in your diet to help your body repair cells and make new ones. Protein is also important for growth and development during childhood, adolescence, and pregnancy. Quinoa's high protein content makes it a good option in place of rice and other high-carbohydrate, low-protein grains, especially for people with diabetes.

Quinoa is also a good source of potassium, which you needs for muscle and protein building, maintaining a regular heartbeat, and many other bodily functions. It offers many other vitamins and minerals as well.

Quinoa has several antioxidants, like those found in berries. Antioxidants help prevent cell damage. This is important for healing, prevention of disease, and aging.

If you have Celiac disease, or follow a gluten-free diet, quinoa is a great option. It does not contain gluten.

Quinoa contains heart-healthy fats that can help boost your "good cholesterol." It is filling and packs a nutritious punch in a small amount.

How it is prepared

Quinoa can be cooked and eaten in many ways. You will need to simmer it in water like rice. Add 1 part quinoa to 2 parts water or stock and simmer until tender, for about 15 minutes.

To add quinoa to your diet:

  • Add cooked quinoa to your salad, soups, or pasta dishes.
  • Make it a side dish. Think of quinoa as your new rice. Combine cooked quinoa with herbs, beans, vegetables, and seasonings and serve with your meal. Add a healthy protein like chicken or fish if you choose.
  • Use quinoa flour instead of wheat flour in your muffins, pancakes, cookies, or any time you bake.

When quinoa is finished cooking, it looks like curly threads are around each grain. Make a big batch of cooked quinoa and store it in the refrigerator for up to a week. Take it out for several meals as you need it.

Where to find quinoa

Quinoa may be purchased online or at any health food store. Major grocery stores may also carry bags of quinoa in their natural or organic food sections. You can also purchase quinoa flour, pasta, and cereal products.

There are over one hundred varieties of quinoa. But you will most likely see yellow/ivory, red, or black quinoa in stores.

Uncooked, you can store it in your pantry or refrigerator for several months. Use an airtight container or bag for storage.

Recipe

Quinoa-Stuffed Tomatoes

(Yields 4 servings. Serving size: 1 tomato, ¾ cup stuffing)

Ingredients

  • 4 medium (2½ inches) tomatoes, rinsed
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 2 tablespoon red onions, peeled and chopped
  • 1 cup cooked mixed vegetables -- such as peppers, corn, carrots, or peas (leftover friendly)
  • 1 cup quinoa, rinsed*
  • 1 cup low-sodium chicken broth
  • ½ ripe avocado, peeled and diced (see tip)
  • ¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon fresh parsley, rinsed, dried, and chopped (or 1 teaspoon dried)

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 350 ºF.
  2. Cut off the tops of the tomatoes and hollow out the insides. (The pulp can be saved for use in tomato soup or sauce, or salsa.) Set tomatoes aside.
  3. Heat oil in a saucepan over medium-high heat. Add onions, and cook until they begin to soften, for about 1 to 2 minutes.
  4. Add cooked vegetables, and heat through, about another 1 to 2 minutes.
  5. Add quinoa, and cook gently until it smells good, about 2 minutes.
  6. Add chicken broth and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat and cover the pan. Cook until the quinoa has absorbed all of the liquid and is fully cooked, about 7 to 10 minutes.
  7. When the quinoa is cooked, remove the lid and gently fluff quinoa with a fork. Gently mix in the avocado, pepper, and parsley.
  8. Carefully stuff about ¾ cup of quinoa into each tomato.
  9. Place tomatoes on a baking sheet, and bake for about 15 to 20 minutes, or until tomatoes are hot throughout (tomatoes may be stuffed in advance and baked later).
  10. Serve immediately.

Nutrition facts

  • Calories: 299
  • Total fat: 10 g
  • Saturated fat: 1 g
  • Sodium: 64 mg
  • Total fiber: 8 g
  • Protein: 10 g
  • Carbohydrates: 46 g

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Keep the beat recipes. Deliciously healthy family meals. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/other/ktb_recipebk/KTB_Family_Cookbook_2010.pdf

Alternative Names

Healthy food trends -- goosefoot

References

Vega-Gálvez A, Miranda M, Vergara J, Uribe E, Puente L, Martínez EA. Nutrition facts and functional potential of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd.), an ancient Andean grain: a review. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90(15):2541-7.

van der Kamp JW, Poutanen K, Seal CJ, Richardson DP. The HEALTHGRAIN definition of 'whole grain'. Food Nutr Res. 2014;4:58.

Zevallos VF, Herencia LI, Chang F, Donnelly S, Ellis HJ, Ciclitira PJ. Gastrointestinal Effects of Eating Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) in Celiac Patients. Am J Gastroenterol

Update Date 5/28/2014

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