URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/531.html

Belladonna

What is it?

La belladona (Atropa belladonna) es una planta que crece desde Europa occidental hasta el Himalaya. También se cultiva en los Estados Unidos. Todas las partes de la planta son venenosas.

La belladona tiene sustancias químicas que pueden alterar la función del sistema nervioso del cuerpo y causar cambios en la saliva, el sudor, el tamaño de las pupilas, la micción, las funciones digestivas y otras. La belladona también puede causar un aumento del ritmo cardíaco y de la presión arterial.

A pesar de las preocupaciones de seguridad conocidas, las personas usan la belladona para el asma, el resfriado común, las hemorroides, la enfermedad de Parkinson y muchas otras condiciones, pero no existe una buena evidencia científica que respalde estos usos.

Desde 2010, la FDA ha emitido varias advertencias sobre tabletas y geles homeopáticos para la dentición de bebés que contienen belladona. Se han informado efectos secundarios graves que incluyen convulsiones, problemas respiratorios y agitación en bebés que toman estos productos, y algunos han muerto.

How effective is it?

There is interest in using belladonna for a number of purposes, but there isn't enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful.

Is it safe?

When taken by mouth: Belladonna is likely unsafe. It contains chemicals that can be poisonous even at low doses. Serious side effects might include blurred vision, fever, fast heartbeat, inability to urinate or sweat, hallucinations, spasms, mental problems, convulsions, coma, and others.

When applied to the skin: Belladonna is possibly unsafe. There isn't enough reliable information available to know if the poisonous chemicals in belladonna can be absorbed through the skin.

When given as a suppository (rectally): Belladonna is possibly unsafe. There isn't enough reliable information available to know if the poisonous chemicals in belladonna can be absorbed from the rectum.

Special precautions & warnings:

Pregnancy: Belladonna is likely unsafe when taken by mouth during pregnancy. It contains potentially toxic chemicals and has been linked to reports of serious side effects.

Breast-feeding: Belladonna is likely unsafe when taken by mouth while breast-feeding. It can reduce milk production and also passes into breast milk.

Children: Belladonna is likely unsafe when taken by mouth. Consuming as few as 2 berries can be fatal in small children. Also, severe side effects and death have occurred in infants treated with homeopathic teething products containing belladonna.

Heart disease: Belladonna might cause rapid heartbeat and might make some heart conditions worse.

Down syndrome: People with Down syndrome might be extra-sensitive to the chemicals in belladonna and their harmful effects.

Gastrointestinal (GI) conditions: Belladonna might slow down the stomach and intestines, which could make some GI conditions worse.

Narrow-angle glaucoma: Belladonna might make narrow-angle glaucoma worse.

Are there interactions with medications?

Moderate
Be cautious with this combination.
Cisapride (Propulsid)
Belladonna contains atropine. Atropine can reduce the effects of cisapride. Taking belladonna with cisapride might reduce the effects of cisapride.
Drying medications (Anticholinergic drugs)
Belladonna can block a chemical in the body called acetylcholine, which has many important functions. Some medications, called anticholinergic drugs, also block acetylcholine. There is some concern that taking them together might increase the risk for confusion, blurred vision, increased sweating, and increased heart rate.

Are there interactions with herbs and supplements?

There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.

Are there interactions with foods?

There are no known interactions with foods.

How is it typically used?

Despite known safety concerns, belladonna is found in some herbal supplements and homeopathic products. The FDA has issued several warnings about homeopathic teething tablets and gels for infants that contain belladonna. Taking belladonna is unsafe and can cause serious side effects.

Other names

Atropa belladonna, Atropa acuminata, Baccifère, Belladona, Belladone, Belle-Dame, Belle-Galante, Bouton Noir, Cerise du Diable, Cerise Enragée, Cerise d'Espagne, Deadly Nightshade, Devil's Cherries, Devil's Herb, Divale, Dwale, Dwayberry, Grande Morelle, Great Morel, Guigne de la Côte, Herbe à la Mort, Herbe du Diable, Indian Belladonna, Morelle Furieuse, Naughty Man's Cherries, Poison Black Cherries, Suchi.

Methodology

To learn more about how this article was written, please see the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database methodology.

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Last reviewed - 03/03/2022