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Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon. Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.
There are three types of bone cancer:
- Osteosarcoma - occurs most often between ages 10 and 19. It is more common in the knee and upper arm.
- Chondrosarcoma - starts in cartilage, usually after age 40
- Ewing's sarcoma - occurs most often in children and teens under 19. It is more common in boys than girls.
The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. Other symptoms vary, depending on the location and size of the cancer. Surgery is often the main treatment for bone cancer. Other treatments may include amputation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Because bone cancer can come back after treatment, regular follow-up visits are important.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
Diagnosis and Tests
- Bone Biopsy (Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Bone Markers (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Bone Scan (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- How Is Bone Cancer Diagnosed? (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- How Is Bone Cancer Staged? (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Stages of Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- TP53 Genetic Test (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- Drugs Approved for Bone Cancer (National Cancer Institute)
- Surgery for Bone Cancer (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Option Overview (Ewing Sarcoma) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Option Overview (Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Bone Metastasis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- General Information about Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute)
- General Information about Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone (National Cancer Institute)
- Metastatic Bone Disease (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Long-term outcomes after an initial experience of computer-navigated resection of primary...
- Article: Differentiation between orbital malignant and benign tumors using intravoxel incoherent motion...
- Article: Locally recurrent chondrosarcoma of the pelvis and limbs can only be...
- Bone Cancer -- see more articles
- Osteosarcoma and ewing's sarcoma -- see more articles
- Types of Cancer Teens Get (Nemours Foundation)