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Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon. Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.
There are three types of bone cancer:
- Osteosarcoma - occurs most often between ages 10 and 19. It is more common in the knee and upper arm.
- Chondrosarcoma - starts in cartilage, usually after age 40
- Ewing's sarcoma - occurs most often in children and teens under 19. It is more common in boys than girls.
The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. Other symptoms vary, depending on the location and size of the cancer. Surgery is often the main treatment for bone cancer. Other treatments may include amputation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Because bone cancer can come back after treatment, regular follow-up visits are important.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
Diagnosis and Tests
- Bone Biopsy (American College of Radiology; Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Bone Cancer Stages (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- Bone Scan (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- Stages of Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Tests for Bone Cancer (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- TP53 Genetic Test (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- Bone Metastasis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in Spanish
- General Information about Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- General Information about Osteosarcoma and Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma (UPS), Formerly Called Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) of Bone (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Metastatic Bone Disease (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Epidemiology and nomogram of pediatric and young adulthood osteosarcoma patients with...
- Article: What did COVID-19 pandemics teach us about single-fraction radiotherapy for painful...
- Article: Clinical model of pulmonary metastasis in patients with osteosarcoma: A new...
- Bone Cancer -- see more articles