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Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon. Cancer that has spread to the bone from another part of the body is more common.
There are three types of bone cancer:
- Osteosarcoma - occurs most often between ages 10 and 19. It is more common in the knee and upper arm.
- Chondrosarcoma - starts in cartilage, usually after age 40
- Ewing's sarcoma - occurs most often in children and teens under 19. It is more common in boys than girls.
The most common symptom of bone cancer is pain. Other symptoms vary, depending on the location and size of the cancer. Surgery is often the main treatment for bone cancer. Other treatments may include amputation, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Because bone cancer can come back after treatment, regular follow-up visits are important.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Hopes Dashed for Rare Bone Cancer Treatment (08/26/2016, HealthDay)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Bone Biopsy (Radiological Society of North America) Also in Spanish
- Bone Markers (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Bone Scan (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- How Is Bone Cancer Diagnosed? (American Cancer Society) Also in Spanish
- How Is Bone Cancer Staged? (American Cancer Society)
- Stages of Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
Prevention and Risk Factors
- What Are the Risk Factors for Bone Cancer? (American Cancer Society)
Treatments and Therapies
- Drugs Approved for Bone Cancer (National Cancer Institute)
- Surgery for Bone Cancer (American Cancer Society)
- Treatment Option Overview (Ewing Sarcoma) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Treatment Option Overview (Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone) (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Bone Metastasis (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- General Information about Ewing Sarcoma (National Cancer Institute)
- General Information about Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone (National Cancer Institute) Also in Spanish
- Metastatic Bone Disease (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons) - PDF
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Retrospective Audit: Does Prior Assessment by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons...
- Article: Osteonecrosis of the Jaw in Patients Receiving Bone-Targeted Therapies: An...
- Article: Combination of GnRH Antagonist Degarelix and Antiandrogen Is Effective in...
- Bone Cancer -- see more articles
- Osteosarcoma and ewing's sarcoma -- see more articles
- After chemotherapy - discharge Also in Spanish
- Bone lesion biopsy Also in Spanish
- Bone tumor Also in Spanish
- Ewing sarcoma Also in Spanish
- Osteosarcoma Also in Spanish
- Understanding Chemotherapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish
- What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Also in Spanish