Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used to treat infertility. It includes fertility treatments that handle both eggs and sperm. It works by removing eggs from the ovaries. The eggs are then mixed with sperm to make embryos. The embryos are then put back in the parent's body. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and effective type of ART.
ART procedures sometimes use donor eggs, donor sperm, or previously frozen embryos. It may also involve a surrogate or gestational carrier. A surrogate is a person who becomes pregnant with sperm from one partner of the couple. A gestational carrier becomes pregnant with an egg from one partner and sperm from the other partner.
The most common complication of ART is a multiple pregnancy. It can be prevented or minimized by limiting the number of embryos that are put into the parent's body.
- 2019 Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Fertility Clinic and National Summary Report (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Assisted Reproductive Technologies (American Society for Reproductive Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish
- Counseling Issues for Gay Men and Lesbians Seeking Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) (American Society for Reproductive Medicine) - PDF Also in Spanish
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- National ART Success Rates (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Preparing for Assisted Reproductive Technology (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Prerequisite Testing for Infertility Treatment (Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology)
- Third Party Reproduction: Sperm, Egg, and Embryo Donation and Surrogacy (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Fertilization in Vitro (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Reproductive Techniques, Assisted (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Decreased fetal thymus size in pregnancies after assisted reproductive technologies.
- Article: An examination of mediation by DNA methylation on birthweight differences induced...
- Article: At age 9, the methylome of assisted reproductive technology children that...
- Assisted Reproductive Technology -- see more articles