Rotavirus is a virus that causes gastroenteritis. Symptoms include severe diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and dehydration. Almost all children in the U.S. are likely to be infected with rotavirus before their 5th birthday.
Infections happen most often in the winter and spring. It is very easy for children with the virus to spread it to other children and sometimes to adults. Once a child gets the virus, it takes about two days to become sick. Vomiting and diarrhea may last from three to eight days.
There is no medicine to treat it. To prevent dehydration, have your child drink plenty of liquids. Your health care provider may recommend oral rehydration drinks. Some children need to go to the hospital for IV fluids. Two vaccines against rotavirus infections are available.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Viral Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Videos and Tutorials
- One Family's Struggles with Rotavirus (Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Rotavirus Infections (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Association of human leukocyte antigen alleles and supertypes with immunogenicity...
- Article: Updated cost-effectiveness and risk-benefit analysis of two infant rotavirus vaccination...
- Article: Molecular epidemiology and associated risk factors of rotavirus infection among...
- Rotavirus Infections -- see more articles
- Rotavirus and the Vaccine (Drops) to Prevent It (American Academy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Pediatrics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
- Rotavirus antigen test (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Rotavirus Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Also in Spanish