Overactive bladder is a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time. You may have overactive bladder if you have two or more of these symptoms:
- You urinate eight or more times a day or two or more times at night
- You have the sudden, strong need to urinate immediately
- You leak urine after a sudden, strong urge to urinate
You also may have incontinence, a loss of bladder control. Nerve problems, too much fluid, or too much caffeine can cause it. Often the cause is unknown.
Your doctor may prescribe a medicine that can calm muscles and nerves. The medicine may come as a pill, a liquid, or a patch. The medicines can cause your eyes to become dry. They can also cause dry mouth and constipation. To deal with these effects, use eye drops to keep your eyes moist, chew sugarless gum or suck on sugarless hard candy if dry mouth bothers you, and take small sips of water throughout the day.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Diagnosis and Tests
- Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- Daily Bladder Diary (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- Imaging of the Urinary Tract (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish
- Urodynamic Testing (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Urinary Bladder, Overactive (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Physical and Rehabilitation Therapy for Overactive Bladder in Women: A Systematic...
- Article: Real-Time Documentation of the Effect of Onabotulinumtoxin A Detrusor Injection in...
- Article: Cost-effectiveness of overactive bladder treatments from a US commercial and payer perspective.
- Overactive Bladder -- see more articles