Overactive bladder is a condition in which the bladder squeezes urine out at the wrong time. You may have overactive bladder if you have two or more of these symptoms:
- You urinate eight or more times a day or two or more times at night
- You have the sudden, strong need to urinate immediately
- You leak urine after a sudden, strong urge to urinate
You also may have incontinence, a loss of bladder control. Nerve problems, too much fluid, or too much caffeine can cause it. Often the cause is unknown.
Your doctor may prescribe a medicine that can calm muscles and nerves. The medicine may come as a pill, a liquid, or a patch. The medicines can cause your eyes to become dry. They can also cause dry mouth and constipation. To deal with these effects, use eye drops to keep your eyes moist, chew sugarless gum or suck on sugarless hard candy if dry mouth bothers you, and take small sips of water throughout the day.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Diagnosis and Tests
- Cystoscopy and Ureteroscopy (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish
- Daily Bladder Diary (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
- Urinary Tract Imaging (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish
- Urodynamic Testing (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Urinary Bladder, Overactive (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Machine Learning-Based Classification of Transcriptome Signatures of Non-Ulcerative Bladder Pain Syndrome.
- Article: Quality of Life in Female Patients with Overactive Bladder after Botulinum...
- Article: Evaluating noninvasive brain stimulation to treat overactive bladder in individuals with...
- Overactive Bladder -- see more articles