The main differences between clinical genetic testing and research testing are the purpose of the test and who receives the results. The goals of research testing include finding unknown genes, learning how genes work, developing tests for future clinical use, and advancing our understanding of genetic conditions. The results of testing done as part of a research study are usually not available to patients or their healthcare providers. Clinical testing, on the other hand, is done to find out about an inherited disorder in an individual patient or family. People receive the results of a clinical test and can use them to help them make decisions about medical care or reproductive issues.
It is important for people considering genetic testing to know whether the test is available on a clinical or research basis. Clinical and research testing both involve a process of informed consent in which patients learn about the testing procedure, the risks and benefits of the test, and the potential consequences of testing.
Topics in the Genetic Testing chapter
- What is genetic testing?
- What are the different types of genetic tests?
- What are the uses of genetic testing?
- How is genetic testing done?
- What is informed consent?
- How can I be sure a genetic test is valid and useful?
- What do the results of genetic tests mean?
- What is the cost of genetic testing, and how long does it take to get the results?
- Will health insurance cover the costs of genetic testing?
- What are the benefits of genetic testing?
- What are the risks and limitations of genetic testing?
- What is genetic discrimination?
- Can genes be patented?
- How are genetic screening tests different from genetic diagnostic tests?
- How does genetic testing in a research setting differ from clinical genetic testing?
- What are whole exome sequencing and whole genome sequencing?
- What are secondary findings from genetic testing?
- What is noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and what disorders can it screen for?
- What is circulating tumor DNA and how is it used to diagnose and manage cancer?
The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.