Shared decision making is when health care providers and patients work together to decide the best way to test for and treat health problems. There are many test and treatment options for most health conditions. So your condition may be managed in more than one way.
Your provider will go over all your options with you. The two of you will make a decision based on your provider's expertise and your values and goals.
Shared decision making helps you and your provider choose a treatment you both support.
When to use Shared Decision Making
Shared decision making is often used when you and your provider need to make big decisions such as:
- Taking a medicine for the rest of your life
- Having major surgery
- Getting genetic or cancer screening tests
Talking together about your options helps your provider know how you feel and what you value.
How Shared Decision Making Works
When facing a decision, your provider will fully explain your options. You can bring friends or family members to your visits to help in the shared decision making process.
You will learn about the risks and benefits of each option. These may include:
- Medicines and possible side effects
- Tests and any follow-up tests or procedures you may need
- Treatments and possible results
Your provider also may explain why some tests or treatments are not available to you.
To help you decide, you may want to ask your provider about using decision aids. These are tools that can help you understand your goals and how they relate to treatment. It can also help you know what questions to ask.
Once you know your options and the risks and benefits, you and your provider may decide to go ahead with a test or procedure, or wait. Together, you and your provider can make better health care decisions.
How to Find a Provider you can Talk With
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality website. The SHARE approach. www.ahrq.gov/professionals/education/curriculum-tools/shareddecisionmaking/index.html. Updated August 2018. Accessed August 13, 2018.
Barry M, Edgman-Levitan S. Shared decision making--pinnacle of patient-centered care. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(9):780-781. PMID: 22375967 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22375967.
Hersch J, Jansen J, McCaffery K. Informed and shared decision making in breast screening. In: Houssami N, Miglioretti D, eds. Breast Cancer Screening. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 16.
Oshima Lee E, Emanuel EJ. Shared decision making to improve care and reduce costs. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(1):6-8. PMID: 23281971 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23281971.
Vaiani CE, Brody H. Ethics and professionalism in surgery. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 2.
Review Date 8/3/2018
Updated by: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.