Brussels sprouts are small, round, bright green vegetables, that are usually about 1 to 2 inches wide. They belong to the cabbage family, which also includes kale, broccoli, collard greens, and cauliflower. In fact, Brussels sprouts look like tiny cabbages, but they are milder in flavor.
Brussels sprouts need to be cooked so they are tender for eating. They are full of nutrients and can be included in many meals.
Healthy food trends -- Brussels cabbage
Why they are good for you
Brussels sprouts are full of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. You can count on Brussels sprouts to support your immune system, blood and bone health, and more. Eating just a few Brussels sprouts will give you plenty of vitamin C and vitamin K.
Brussels sprouts rank high in antioxidants, just after kale and spinach. Antioxidants are substances that can help you stay healthy by preventing cell damage in the body. Just ½ cup of cooked Brussels sprouts will give you half of your daily recommended amount of vitamin C.
Many other vitamins and minerals are in Brussels sprouts, including vitamin A, potassium, and folate. Regularly eating Brussels sprouts and similar vegetables may help to prevent many common cancers, although this is not proven.
Brussels sprouts are very filling. The leaves are tightly packed and dense. They are also low in calories, so they can help you maintain a healthy weight. They are one of several "super veggies" that give you the most nutrients for the fewest calories.
If you take the blood-thinning drug, Coumadin (warfarin), you may need to limit your intake of foods that are high in vitamin K. Warfarin makes your blood less likely to form clots. Vitamin K and foods containing vitamin K can affect how blood-thinners work.
How they are prepared
Before you cook Brussels sprouts, be sure to wash and clean them. Cut off the tough bottom and remove any outer, wilted leaves. When cleaning Brussels sprouts before cooking, cut an X-shape in the bottom after you trim the tough bottom. This will help them cook more evenly.
Brussels sprouts can be added to any warm meal and prepared in several simple ways.
- Boil in a pot of water or stock until tender.
- Microwave in a microwave-safe bowl with ¼ cup of water for about 4 minutes.
- Steam in a small pan on the stove with an inch of water. Cover and cook for 5 to 10 minutes.
- Roast after coating with olive oil on a sheet pan for 25 to 30 minutes at 400°. Add a little salt and pepper, or other flavorings like red pepper flakes.
- Sauté on stove top with garlic and olive oil. Add chicken, mushrooms, or beans for a hearty meal. Add whole wheat or high fiber pasta as well.
Where to find Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts are available year round in the grocery store produce section. You will find them near the broccoli and other greens. Pick Brussels sprouts that are firm and bright green. Avoid Brussels sprouts that are soft or yellowing.
Put Brussels sprouts on your weekly shopping list. They will last in the refrigerator for at least 3 to 5 days.
- ½ pound Brussels sprouts
- ½ cup chicken broth, low-sodium
- 1 teaspoon lemon juice
- 1 teaspoon brown mustard (spicy)
- ½ teaspoon thyme (dried)
- ½ cup mushroom (sliced)
- Trim Brussels sprouts and cut in half. Steam until tender, for 6 to 10 minutes, or microwave on high for 3 to 4 minutes.
- In a non-stick pot, bring the broth to a boil.
- Mix in the lemon juice, mustard, and thyme. Add the mushrooms.
- Boil until the broth is reduced by half, for 5 to 8 minutes.
- Add the Brussels sprouts (or other cooked vegetables).
- Toss well to coat with the sauce.
Source: United States Department of Agriculture
Bosetti C, Filomeno M, Riso P, Polesel J, Levi F, Talamini R, et al. Cruciferous vegetables and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies. Ann Oncol. 2012;23(8):2198-203. PMID: 22328735 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22328735.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nutrition for Everyone: Fruits and Vegetables. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2013. www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/fruitsvegetables. Accessed June 3, 2014.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015 - 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition. December 2015. Available at: health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines. Accessed January 15, 2016.
Washburn C. Brussels Sprouts: Food $ense Guide to Eating Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Utah State University Cooperative Extension. 2012. extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/FN_Food$ense_2012-01pr.pdf. Accessed June 3, 2014.
Update Date 5/28/2014
Updated by: Jennifer K. Mannheim, ARNP, Medical Staff, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Seattle Children's Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editorial update 01/18/2016.