Emergency measures are indicated when childbirth is imminent and no health care professional is present. Indications of late labor include rupturing of the amniotic sac, dilation of the cervix, and appearance of the baby's head at the vaginal opening.
Review Date 11/10/2022
Updated by: John D. Jacobson, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.