URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002250.htm

Macroglossia

Macroglossia is a disorder in which the tongue is larger than normal.

Information

Macroglossia is usually caused by an increase in the amount of tissue on the tongue, rather than by a growth, such as a tumor.

This condition can be seen in certain inherited or congenital (existing at birth) disorders, including:

  • Acromegaly (buildup of too much growth hormone in the body)
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (growth disorder that causes large body size, large organs, and other symptoms)
  • Congenital hypothyroidism (decreased production of thyroid hormone)
  • Diabetes (high blood sugar caused by body producing too little or no insulin)
  • Down syndrome (extra copy of chromosome 21, which causes problems with physical and intellectual functioning)
  • Lymphangioma or hemangioma (malformations in the lymph system or buildup of blood vessels in the skin or internal organs)
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses (a group of diseases that cause large amounts of sugar to build up in the body's cells and tissues)
  • Primary amyloidosis (a buildup of abnormal proteins in the body's tissues and organs)

References

Dorland's Online Medical Dictionary. Available at: dorlands.com/def.jsp?id=100062359. Accessed May 15, 2015.

Stedman's Online Medical Dictionary. Available at: www.stedmansonline.com/content.aspx?id=mlrM0100001416&termtype=t. Accessed May 15, 2015.

Update Date 4/21/2015

Related MedlinePlus Health Topics