Pyogenic granulomas are small, raised, and red bumps on the skin. The bumps have a smooth surface and may be moist. They bleed easily because of the high number of blood vessels at the site. It is a benign (noncancerous) growth.
The exact cause of pyogenic granulomas is unknown. They often appear following an injury on the hands, arms, or face.
Pyogenic granulomas are common in children and pregnant women.
Signs of a pyogenic granuloma are:
- A small red lump on the skin that bleeds easily
- Often found at the site of a recent injury
- Usually seen on hands, arms, and face, but they may develop in the mouth (most often in pregnant women)
Exams and Tests
Your health care provider will do a physical exam to diagnose this condition.
You may also need a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and rule out skin cancer.
Small pyogenic granulomas may go away without treatment. If needed, bumps are treated with:
- Surgical shaving or excision
- Electrocautery (heat)
- A laser
- Creams applied to the skin (may not be as effective as surgery)
Most pyogenic granulomas can be removed. A scar may remain after treatment. There is a high chance that the problem will come back if the whole lesion is not removed or destroyed during treatment.
These problems may occur:
- Bleeding from the lesion
- Return of the condition after treatment
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Contact your provider if you have a skin bump that bleeds easily or that changes appearance.
Lobular capillary hemangioma
Dinulos JGH. Vascular tumors and malformations. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 23.
Patterson JW. Vascular tumors. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited; 2021:chap 39.
Review Date 11/30/2022
Updated by: Ramin Fathi, MD, FAAD, Director, Phoenix Surgical Dermatology Group, Phoenix, AZ. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.