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Rose Hip

What is it?

Rose hip is the round portion of the rose flower just below the petals. Rose hip contains the seeds of the rose plant. Dried rose hip and the seeds are used together to make medicine.

Fresh rose hip contains vitamin C, so some people take it as a source of vitamin C. However, much of the vitamin C in rose hip is destroyed during drying and processing. Rose hip is used for osteoarthritis and pain after surgery. It is also used for many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these other uses.

In foods and in manufacturing, rose hip is used for tea, jam, soup, and as a natural source of vitamin C.

How effective is it?

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.

The effectiveness ratings for ROSE HIP are as follows:

Possibly effective for...

  • Osteoarthritis. Most research shows that taking rose hip by mouth can reduce pain and stiffness and improve function in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Pain after surgery. Some research shows that taking a single dose of rose hip extract immediately prior to a C-section helps to reduce pain and the need for pain medications after surgery.

Insufficient evidence to rate effectiveness for...

  • Aging skin. Early research shows that taking rose hip powder helps to reduce wrinkles and improve skin quality in aging adults.
  • Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea). Early research shows that taking rose hip extract might help to reduce pain from menstrual cramps.
  • Obesity. Early research shows that taking rose hip powder mixed with apple juice does not affect weight or blood sugar levels in people who are obese. But it might slightly reduce cholesterol and blood pressure.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Early research shows that taking rose hip by mouth improves some symptoms of RA.
  • Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs). Early research shows that taking rose hip powder after a C-section might lower the chance of having bacteria in the urinary tract. But it doesn't seem to prevent UTI symptoms.
  • Sexual problems that prevent satisfaction during sexual activity.
  • Bed-wetting.
  • Boosting the immune system.
  • Cancer.
  • Common cold.
  • Diabetes.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH).
  • Fever.
  • Flu (influenza).
  • Gout.
  • High blood pressure.
  • High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia).
  • Infections.
  • Pain due to pressure on the sciatic nerve (sciatica).
  • Problems of the vagina or uterus.
  • Stomach and intestina problems.
  • Stretch marks.
  • Vitamin C deficiency.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate rose hip for these uses.

How does it work?

Some people use rose hip as a source of vitamin C. It is true that fresh rose hip contains vitamin C. But processing and drying of the plant destroys most of the vitamin C. Besides vitamin C, other natural chemicals found in rose hip may be helpful for a variety of health conditions.

Are there safety concerns?

When taken by mouth: Rose hip extract is LIKELY SAFE when taken in the amounts found in foods. Rose hip from Rosa canina is also LIKELY SAFE when used appropriately in larger, medicinal amounts. Rose hip that comes from Rosa damascena is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken appropriately in larger, medicinal amounts. There isn't enough reliable information to know if rose hip from other types of rose is safe in larger, medicinal amounts. Rose hip can cause some side effects such as diarrhea and fatigue.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if rose hip is safe or what the side effects might be.

Special precautions & warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if rose hip is safe to use as medicine when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and stick to food amounts.

Kidney stones: In large doses, rose hip might increase the chance of getting kidney stones. This is due to the vitamin C in rose hip.

Are there interactions with medications?

Moderate
Be cautious with this combination.
Aluminum
Aluminum is found in most antacids. Rose hips contain vitamin C. Vitamin C can increase how much aluminum the body absorbs. But it isn't clear if this interaction is a big concern. Take rose hip two hours before or four hours after antacids.
Estrogens
Rose hip contains vitamin C. Vitamin C can increase how much estrogen the body absorbs. Taking rose hip along with estrogen can increase the effects and side effects of estrogens.

Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.
Lithium
Rose hip might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking rose hip might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.
Medications for cancer (Alkylating agents)
Rose hip contains vitamin C, which is an antioxidant. There is some concern that antioxidants might decrease the effectiveness of some medications used for cancers. But it is too soon to know if this interaction occurs.

Some of these medications include cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil (Leukeran), carmustine (Gliadel), busulfan (Myleran), thiotepa (Tepadina), and others.
Medications for cancer (Antitumor antibiotics)
Rose hip contains vitamin C which is an antioxidant. There is some concern that antioxidants might decrease the effectiveness of some medications used for cancers. But it is too soon to know if this interaction occurs.

Some of these medications include doxorubicin (Adriamycin), daunorubicin (DaunoXome), epirubicin (Ellence), mitomycin (Mutamycin), bleomycin (Blenoxane), and others.
Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)
Rose hip contains a chemical that might cause blood to clot. Taking rose hip along with medications that slow clotting might decrease how well these medications work.

Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, ticlopidine (Ticlid), warfarin (Coumadin), and others.
Warfarin (Coumadin)
Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. Rose hip contains vitamin C. Large amounts of vitamin C might decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin). Decreasing the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin) might increase the chance of clotting. Be sure to have your blood checked regularly. The dose of your warfarin (Coumadin) might need to be changed.
Minor
Be watchful with this combination.
Aspirin
Aspirin is removed from the body in the urine. Some scientists have raised the concern that vitamin C might decrease how much aspirin is removed in the urine. Rose hip contains vitamin C. There is concern that taking rose hip could increase the chance of aspirin-related side effects. But research suggests that this is not an important concern, and that the vitamin C in rose hip does not interact in a meaningful way with aspirin.

Are there interactions with herbs and supplements?

Acerola
Rose hip and acerola both contain high levels of vitamin C. Don't take both together. This might give you too much vitamin C. Adults should not take more than 2000 mg of vitamin C per day.
Vitamin C
Rose hip contains vitamin C. Taking rose hip with vitamin C supplements might increase the chance of side effects from vitamin C. Adults should not take more than 2000 mg of vitamin C per day.

Are there interactions with foods?

There are no known interactions with foods.

What dose is used?

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

ADULTS
BY MOUTH:
  • For osteoarthritis: 2.5 grams of rose hip powder (LitoZin/i-flex, Hyben Vital) has been taken twice daily for 3 months. 40 mL of a specific combination product containing rose hip fruit puree 24 grams, stinging nettle 160 mg, devil's claw 108 mg and vitamin D 200 IU (Rosaxan, Medagil Gesundheitsgesellschaft) has been taken daily for 3 months.
  • For pain after surgery: 1.6 grams of rose extract has been taken 15 minutes before surgery.

Other names

Apothecary Rose, Cherokee Rose, Cherokee Rose Musquée, Chinese Rosehip, Cynorhodon, Cynorhodons, Cynosbatos, Damask Rose, Dog Rose, Dog Rose Hips, Églantier, Fructus Rosae Laevigatae, Fruit de l'Églantier, Gulab, Heps, Hip, Hip Fruit, Hip Sweet, Hipberry, Hop Fruit, Jin Yin Zi, Jinyingzi, Persian Rose, Phool Gulab, Pink Rose, Poire d'oiseaux, Provence Rose, Rosa alba, Rosa canina, Rosa centifolia, Rosa cherokeensis, Rosa chinensis, Rosa damascena, Rosa de Castillo, Rosa gallica, Rosa laevigata, Rosa lutetiana, Rosa moschata, Rosa mosqueta, Rosa Mosqueta Cherokee, Rosa pomifera, Rosa provincialis, Rosa rubiginosa, Rosa rugosa, Rosa villosa, Rosae Pseudofructus Cum Semen, Rose de Provins, Rose des Apothicaires, Rose Haw, Rose Hep, Rose Hips, Rose Rouge de Lancaster, Rosehip, Rosehips, Rosier de Provence, Rosier des Cherokees, Satapatri, Satapatrika, Shatpari, White Rose, Wild Boar Fruit.

Methodology

To learn more about how this article was written, please see the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database methodology.

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Last reviewed - 01/26/2021