Why is this medication prescribed?
Fostamatinib is used to treat thrombocytopenia (less than normal number of platelets) in adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP; an ongoing condition that may cause unusual bruising or bleeding due to an abnormally low number of platelets in the blood) who were not helped with another treatment. Fostamatinib is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It works by reducing platelet destruction.
How should this medicine be used?
Fostamatinib comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken with or without food twice daily. Take fostamatinib at around the same time(s) every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take fostamatinib exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Your doctor may need to reduce, interrupt, or discontinue your treatment if you experience certain side effects or depending on your treatment response. If your number of platelets (platelet count) does not increase to a certain level after 12 weeks of treatment, your doctor may have to discontinue your treatment. Talk to your doctor about how you are feeling during your treatment.
Ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer's information for the patient.
Other uses for this medicine
This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking fostamatinib,
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to fostamatinib, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in fostamatinib tablets. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention any of the following: clarithromycin (Biaxin, in Prevpac), digoxin (Lanoxin), itraconazole (Onmel, Sporanox), ketoconazole, rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane, in Rifamate, in Rifater), and rosuvastatin (Crestor). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. Many other medications may also interact with fostamatinib, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you are taking, even those that do not appear on this list.
- tell your doctor if you have or have ever had high blood pressure or liver disease.
- tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. You will need to have a pregnancy test before you start treatment, and you should use birth control to prevent pregnancy during your fostamatinib treatment and for at least 1 month after your final dose. Talk to your doctor about birth control methods that you can use. If you become pregnant, call your doctor immediately. Fostamatinib may harm the fetus.
- tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. You should not breastfeed during your treatment with fostamatinib and for at least 1 month after your final dose.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, continue your normal diet.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Fostamatinib may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- abdominal pain
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical treatment:
- severe diarrhea
- headache, confusion, dizziness, chest pain, or shortness of breath
- pain in the upper right part of the stomach
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- dark colored urine
Fostamatinib may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Do not remove the desiccant canisters (a small canister that contains a substance that absorbs moisture to keep the medication dry).
It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
In case of emergency/overdose
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory. Your doctor may order certain lab tests to check your body's response to fostamatinib. Your doctor will also check your blood pressure regularly during your treatment with fostamatinib.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.