When a hazardous chemical has been released, it may harm people's health. Chemical releases can be unintentional, as in the case of an industrial accident. They could also be planned, as in the case of a terrorist attack with a chemical weapon.
Some hazardous chemicals have been developed by military organizations for use in warfare. Examples are nerve agents such as sarin and VX. Many hazardous chemicals are used in industry - for example, chlorine, ammonia, and benzene. Some can be made from everyday items such as household cleaners.
Although there are no guarantees of safety during a chemical emergency, you can take actions to protect yourself. You should have a disaster plan. Being prepared can help reduce fear, anxiety, and losses. If you do experience a disaster, it is normal to feel stressed. You may need help in finding ways to cope.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Chemical Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chemical Agents: Facts about Evacuation (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chemical Agents: Facts about Sheltering in Place (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chemical Agents: Personal Cleaning and Disposal of Contaminated Clothing (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chemical Emergencies Overview (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Chemical Emergency Preparedness (American Red Cross)
- Chemical pneumonitis (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
- Household Chemical Emergencies (Department of Homeland Security) Also in Spanish
- Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) (Department of Health and Human Services)
- ToxFAQs (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: A controlled cross-over study to evaluate the efficacy of improvised dry...
- Article: Predicting the consequences of accidents involving dangerous substances using machine learning.
- Article: Considerations in developing medical countermeasures against chemical ocular toxicity.
- Chemical Emergencies -- see more articles