Canker sores are small, round sores in your mouth. They can be on the inside of your cheek, under your tongue, or in the back of your throat. They usually have a red edge and a gray center. They can be quite painful. They are not the same as cold sores, which are caused by herpes simplex.
Canker sores aren't contagious. They may happen if you have a viral infection. They may also be triggered by stress, food allergies, lack of vitamins and minerals, hormonal changes or menstrual periods. In some cases the cause is unknown.
In most cases, the sores go away by themselves. Some ointments, creams or rinses may help with the pain. Avoiding hot, spicy food while you have a canker sore also helps.
- Canker Sore (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Canker Sore (Aphthous Ulcer) (Logical Images)
- Canker Sores (American Academy of Oral Medicine) Also in Spanish
- Canker Sores (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish
- Canker Sores (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish
- Canker Sores (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
- Canker Sores: Treatment (American Academy of Oral Medicine) Also in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Stomatitis, Aphthous (National Institutes of Health)
Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Autosomal dominant deficiency of the interleukin-17F in recurrent aphthous stomatitis:...
- Article: Association of IL-6-174 G/C and IL10-1082 G/A polymorphisms with recurrent aphthous stomatitis...
- Article: Association of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta Gene Polymorphisms in Recurrent Aphthous...
- Canker Sores -- see more articles