URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/podcast/transcript092418.html

To Your Health: NLM update Transcript

ADHD and digital media use: 09/24/2018

Greetings from the National Library of Medicine and MedlinePlus.gov

Regards to all our listeners!

I'm Rob Logan, Ph.D., senior staff, U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Here is what's new this week in To Your Health, a consumer health-oriented podcast from NLM, that helps you use MedlinePlus to follow up on weekly topics.

Subsequent symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with teens who use digital media more frequently, suggests a pioneering study with an accompanying editorial recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Specifically, the study of 2,587 teens finds a high frequency of engagement in social and digital media is associated with increased symptoms of ADHD.

The study followed teen social media use and development of ADHD symptoms for a two-year period. ADHD symptoms were assessed by established scales that measure teen inattention and hyperactivity.

The study's participants, who are part of a larger Happiness & Health study, are from the Los Angeles area and were 15 and 16 years old when the study began.

An accompanying editorial explains the research is the first well-designed, longitudinal study about ADHD and teen social media use to account for multiple social demographic confounding variables.

The editorial's author writes (and we quote): 'The strengths of the study.... include recruitment of a large, diverse sample for Los Angeles County high schools, as sociodemographic diversity has been a limitation of prior studies on digital media. The age range — from sophomore through junior years of high school — is a relevant age for social, cognitive, and academic development during which problematic internet use and gaming behaviors become a concern' (end of quote).

The editorial's author adds the study's limitations include the lack of an assessment of the role of parents in their teenager's social media use. The editorial's author writes (and we quote): '(the research) did not assess parent media use or whether the parents were involved in how the adolescents used media. Parent media use correlates with child media use, may interrupt parent-child activities, and is associated with child behavior difficulties in younger children' (end of quote).

The editorial's author concludes the current study seems to reinforce the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations for parent involvement in teen social media use that includes discussions about prosocial uses of digital media, misinformation, persuasion, and digital citizenship.

Meanwhile, the Nemours Foundation provides an overview of ADHD for teens within the 'teenagers' section of MedlinePlus.gov's ADHD health topic page.

The Office on Women's Health within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services explains how ADHD impacts learning disabilities also in the 'teenagers' section of MedlinePlus.gov's ADHD health topic page.

Links to the latest pertinent journal research articles about ADHD are available in the 'journal articles' section of MedlinePlus.gov's ADHD health topic page. Links to relevant clinical trials that may be occurring in your area also are available in the 'clinical trials' section.

To find MedlinePlus.gov's ADHD health topic page, please type 'A...D...H...D' in the search box on MedlinePlus.gov's home page, then, click on 'ADHD (National Library of Medicine).' MedlinePlus.gov also contains health topic pages on child behavor disorders and learning disorders.

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It was nice to be with you. Please join us here next week and here's to your health!