URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/podcast/transcript090418.html

To Your Health: NLM update Transcript

Arts improve science and medicine: 09/04/2018

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Greetings from the National Library of Medicine and MedlinePlus.gov

Regards to all our listeners!

I'm Rob Logan, Ph.D., senior staff, U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Here is what's new this week in To Your Health, a consumer health-oriented podcast from NLM, that helps you use MedlinePlus to follow up on weekly topics.

A recent report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine notes better physicians, scientists, and engineers might transpire if U.S. universities integrated the arts within the curricula that prepares students for scientific careers. An article about the Academy's report - recently published in Science - suggests the long-term value of a more multidisciplinary approach to the education of scientific professionals and physicians within American universities.

For example, the Science article explains that compared to other scientists - members of the National Academies are three to five times more likely to have a lifelong interest in arts, crafts, theater, or creative writing. Science reports compared to other scientists - Nobel Prize winners are 15 to 20 times more likely to engage in creative arts activities.

The Science article continues combining arts and sciences promotes diverse tools that facilitate creative thinking. Among the cited tools are: imaging; abstract pattern recognition; dimensional thinking; and empathy or play-acting.

Science adds some recent research findings suggest scientists and physicians experience diverse, specific benefits from arts engagement. For instance, Science reports music and arts improve the visual and aural observational skills among science and engineering students. Other research suggests drawing fosters better observational and visual thinking skills among young scientists, engineers, and physicians.

Science reports (and we quote): 'integration is not a goal in and of itself, but rather a skill that needs to be developed in order to respond to the connectedness of the real world' (end of quote).

The Science article adds real-world problems span disciplinary boundaries and can be best addressed via interdisciplinary thinking. While specific efforts by universities to address the problem are not reported, some research has suggested arts interventions are beneficial to patients, medical students, and participating physicians.

Indeed, NLM's 'graphic medicine' exhibition exemplifies some of the ideas reported in Science as well as the Academy's report, which you can experience by entering the words 'NLM graphic medicine' in any search engine.

Meanwhile, the American Art Therapy Association provides an overview of art therapy (mostly for patients) within the 'specifics' section of MedlinePlus.gov's health occupations health topic page.

The American Music Therapy Association explains the benefits of exposure to - and playing of - music also in the 'specifics' section of MedlinePlus.gov's health occupations health topic page.

The 'specifics' section of MedlinePlus.gov's health occupations health topic page additionally provides an introduction to many of the diverse specialties and subspecialties that are the foundation of contemporary medicine.

Links to the latest pertinent journal research articles about health occupations also are available within the 'journal articles' section of MedlinePlus.gov's health occupations health topic page.

To find MedlinePlus.gov's health occupations health topic page, please type 'health occupations' in the search box on MedlinePlus.gov's home page, then, click on 'health occupations (National Library of Medicine).'

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A disclaimer — the information presented in this program should not replace the medical advice of your physician. You should not use this information to diagnose or treat any disease without first consulting with your physician or other health care provider.

It was nice to be with you. Please join us here next week and here's to your health!