5) Drinking alcohol and taking medications for which of the following conditions can make the condition worse?
high blood pressure
all of the above
True. One reason that older adults are more sensitive to alcohol’s effects is that the amount of water in the body drops with age. As a result, older adults will have a higher percentage of alcohol in their blood than younger people after drinking the same amount of alcohol.
All of the above. A “standard” drink contains about 0.6 fluid ounces of pure alcohol. A single drink is one 5-ounce glass of wine. It also can be one 12-ounce can or bottle of regular beer, ale, or wine cooler; one 8- or 9-ounce can or bottle of malt liquor; or one 1.5-ounce shot glass of 80-proof distilled spirits such as whiskey, gin, vodka, or rum.
False. In general, to be at low risk for alcohol use disorder, healthy men and women over age 65 can have three drinks a single day, but should not exceed a total of seven drinks in a week. Drinking more than these amounts puts people at risk of serious alcohol problems. However, people can still have problems within these limits. Depending on their health and how alcohol affects them, older adults may need to drink less than these limits or not at all.
True. Alcohol, like some medicines, can make you sleepy, drowsy, or lightheaded. Drinking even small amounts of alcohol while taking medicines can intensify these effects. In older adults, this can lead to balance problems and falls, which can result in hip or arm fractures and other injuries. Older people have thinner bones than younger people, so their bones break more easily. Studies show that the rate of hip fractures in older adults increases with alcohol use.
All of the above. Drinking alcohol and taking medications for high blood pressure, diabetes, gout, and heart failure can make those conditions worse.
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