- Among racial groups, persons of multiple races (14.1%), black (11.2%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (9.4%) ancestries had higher asthma prevalence compared with white persons (7.7%) or persons of Asian background (5.2%).
- Black persons had higher hospitalization rates and death rates due to asthma than white persons.
- Among Hispanic groups, asthma prevalence was higher among persons of Puerto Rican (16.1%) than Mexican (5.4%) descent
- Asthma prevalence was higher for groups with lower incomes.
- 11.2% of persons with incomes less than 100% of the poverty level had asthma, compared to 8.5% of persons with incomes 100%-250% of the poverty level.
- In 2012, the NHLBI joined several other NIH Institutes and other Federal agencies to implement a Coordinated Federal Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Asthma Disparities. The Action Plan presents a framework to maximize the use of existing federal resources to address the major public health challenge of asthma disparities during the next three to five years.
- According to recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, African-American children are about twice as likely as Caucasian children to have asthma.
Age-Adjusted percentages for children under 18 years of age, who currently have asthma, 2010